Archive for May, 2013

31 May: World NO Tobacco Day

Posted: May 31, 2013 in health, news
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Every year, on 31 May, WHO and partners everywhere mark World No Tobacco Day, highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption. Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death globally and is currently responsible for killing one in 10 adults worldwide.

The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2013 is: Ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.


A comprehensive ban of all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship is required under the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) for all Parties to this treaty within five years of the entry into force of the Convention for that Party. Evidence shows that comprehensive advertising bans lead to reductions in the numbers of people starting and continuing smoking. Statistics show that banning tobacco advertising and sponsorship is one of the most cost-effective ways to reduce tobacco demand and thus a tobacco control “best buy”.
Most countries lack comprehensive bans

Despite the effectiveness of comprehensive bans, only 6% of the world’s population was fully protected from exposure to the tobacco industry advertising, promotion and sponsorship tactics in 2010 (WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2011).


To help reduce tobacco use, comprehensive advertising, promotion and sponsorship bans work to counteract:

* the deceptive and misleading nature of tobacco marketing campaigns;
* the unavoidable exposure of youth to tobacco marketing;
* the failure of the tobacco industry to effectively self-regulate; and
* the ineffectiveness of partial bans.

Meanwhile, as more and more countries move to fully meet their obligations under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), tobacco industry attempts to undermine the treaty become ever more aggressive, including those to weaken public health efforts to ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. For example, where jurisdictions have banned advertising of tobacco products through point-of-sale displays – known as tobacco “powerwalls” – or banned the advertising and promotional features of tobacco packaging through standardized packaging, the tobacco industry has sued governments in national courts and through international trade mechanisms. On the other hand the tobacco industry uses sponsorship and especially corporate social responsibility tactics to trick public opinion into believing in their respectability and good intentions while they manoeuver to hijack the political and legislative process.



The global tobacco epidemic kills nearly 6 million people each year, of which more than 600 000 are non-smokers dying from breathing second-hand smoke. Unless we act, the epidemic will kill more than 8 million people every year by 2030. More than 80% of these preventable deaths will be among people living in low- and middle-income countries.

The ultimate goal of World No Tobacco Day is to contribute to protect present and future generations not only from these devastating health consequences, but also against the social, environmental and economic scourges of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke.

Specific objectives of the 2013 campaign are to:

* spur countries to implement WHO FCTC Article 13 and its Guidelines to comprehensively ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship such that fewer people start and continue to use tobacco; and
* drive local, national and international efforts to counteract tobacco industry efforts to undermine tobacco control, specifically industry efforts to stall or stop comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.


See the Video “Stop Smoking Before it Stops You” on YouTube:

See the Gallery and make a choice. Choose Life.


















To finish the series of All That I Love posts to celebrate on this weekend the 36th and the 30th anniversary of Episode 4 and Episode 6 respectively, a gallery of cosplays and funny pictures based on “Star Wars”. Enjoy and may the Force be with you!









































This old script version may be called “Star Wars Episode 4 – A New Hope the Extremely Short Version”…

lightsaberThat’s why lightsabers must come with this caution sign:



Continuing the Star Wars Weekend on All That I Love and to celebrate the 36th anniversary of “A New Hope” and the 30th anniversary of “Return of the Jedi”, here are some facts about “Episode 4” that I think you don’t know or just forgot… May the Force be with you!


Official Website:

Han Solo, the Reptile Alien Mercenaire

soloAt one point, George Lucas had planned the character of Han Solo to be a huge green-skinned monster with no nose and gills. Then Lucas changed the idea of Han Solo to a black human. He auditioned several black actors and even musicians (including Billy Dee Williams) until finally settling on Glynn Turman. But after this he decided to make the role white. Kurt Russell, Nick Nolte, Christopher Walken, Jack Nicholson, Al Pacino, Chevy Chase, Steve Martin, Bill Murray, Robert Englund, Sylvester Stallone, John Travolta and Perry King were all candidates for the role of Han Solo.

George Lucas also wanted to stay away from any actors he had previously used in his films. James Caan, Jack Nicholson, Robert De Niro and Burt Reynolds turned down the role. Harrison Ford (who had played Bob Falfa in Lucas’s American Graffith) read the part of Han Solo for screen tests of other characters but wasn’t originally considered for the part. During these tests Lucas realized Ford was perfect for the role.


troopersMost of the Stormtroopers are left-handed. That is because of how the weapons are constructed. Their weapons are based on a real weapon, where the magazine is on left side of the weapons. This construction caused it to hit the troopers in the chest. Therefore they have to switch grip of the weapon, which made them look left-handed. The weapons the stormtroopers used were essentially the Sterling L2A3 9mm SMG (sub-machine gun) a military weapon developed in the late 1940s in the UK and adopted by the British and Canadian Armies in the 1950s. The curved left entry side mounted magazine was removed. And that was as much as it was modified for the film. The longer sandtrooper weapon was the MG-34 machine gun from Germany.

When the storm troopers enter the room where C-3PO and R2-D2 are hiding, one of the actors accidentally bumps his head on the doorway due to his limited visibility. When the Special Edition came out in 1997, a sound effect had been added to the scene to accompany the head bump.


C-3PO was originally scripted as a “used car salesman” type, and designed after the robot from the Fritz Lang 1927 movie “Metropolis”. George Lucas had not originally intended to use Anthony Daniels’s voice for the voice of C-3PO.


He only changed his mind after a suggestion by Stan Freberg, one of the actors considered as Daniels’ replacement Daniels’ voice was altered in post-production. Ultimately, though, George Lucas was won over by the charisma of Daniels’ reading of the part as a “snooty British butler” and so Daniels has done the voice for C3PO ever since.


vaderDarth Vader was the first character that George Lucas created for the story. The famous Darth Vader suit was designed by production designer Ralph McQuarrie, who was concerned about the character being able to breathe while he was traveling from his spaceship to Princess Leia’s spaceship. It was not explained why Darth Vader wears the suit at all times until “The Empire Strikes Back”. The look of the Darth Vader suit was based on robes worn by Bedouin Warriors.

Ben Burtt created the sound of Darth Vader’s breathing by placing a small microphone in the second stage (mouthpiece) of a scuba regulator, and then recording the sound made by his breathing through the regulator. Darth Vader’s breathing was originally meant to be much more labored and raspy. The sound of this labored, raspy breathing would be used later on in “Star Wars Episode VI – Return of the Jedi” during the movie’s climax when Lukes defeats Vader in a lightsaber duel.

The man behind the Darth Vader mask is the wrestiling fighter David Prowse. Though he was never going to be used as the voice of Darth Vader, he claims he was originally told that he would be seen and heard at the end of “Return of the Jedi” when Vader’s mask was removed. This did not end up happening as actor Sebastian Shaw was brought in instead.


Lucas claims he wanted a ‘darker voice’ (Lucas has stated that Darth Vader had to have a deep, reverberating voice) that Prowse could not provide and never intended to use Prowse’s voice, which had a West Country accent. Prowse, who was not a skilled swordsman, was doubled by the scene’s fight-choreographer, the stuntman and fencing coach Bob Anderson (photo bellow).


Darth Vader has only 12 minutes of screen time. George Lucas originally wanted Orson Welles to do Darth Vader’s voice, but decided against it, feeling that Welles’ voice would be too recognizable. James Earl Jones supplied the voice of Darth Vader, but specifically requested that he not be credited. At the time, the reason he cited was that he felt he had not done enough work to get the billing, but he later admitted that he didn’t want his name associated with the film because he was still an up-and-coming actor, and didn’t want to be typecast. Jones does receive billing in the 1997 “Special Edition”.

Obi-Wan Kenobi

Before casting Alec Guinness as Obi-Wan Kenobi, George Lucas considered casting Japanese actor Toshirô Mifune. Before Alec Guinness was cast as Obi Wan, George Lucas briefly considered using Peter Cushing, who plays Tarkin. Alec Guinness always recalled the experience of making the movie as a bad one, and consistently claimed that it was his idea to have his character killed in the first film, so he “wouldn’t have to carry on saying these rubbish lines”. Reportedly because he hated working on “Star Wars” so much, Alec Guinness claims that Obi-Wan’s death was his idea as a means to limit his involvement in the film. Guinness also claimed to throw away all “Star Wars” related fan mail without even opening it. Contrary to this, George Lucas has said he made the decision to kill off Kenobi, that Guinness was “less than happy” his character was dying earlier than expected, and that Guinness appeared to enjoy his time on set.


While Alec Guinness made no secret that he disliked the dialogue in George Lucas’s script, he claimed that he accepted the role for two reasons: 1). He was an admirer of Lucas’ previous film Loucura de Verão and 2). The narrative compelled him to read the whole script through to the end, in spite of not liking the dialogue and not being a fan of science fiction. The character name Obi-Wan Kenobi appears to allude to the following definitions. OBI – a form of belief involving sorcery, practiced in parts of the West Indies, South America, the southern U.S., and Africa. And a charm used in this belief system. WAN – Archaically meaning dark or gloomy; also pale in color or hue, meaning decline in ability (referring to dotage of the aging Jedi). KEN – knowledge, understanding, or cognizance; mental perception. range of sight or vision.

Luke Starkiller

Luke Skywalker went through several changes. Lucas toyed with the idea of changing him into a woman after cutting Princess Leia from the script. He also entertained the notion of casting the principal characters as a dwarfs. In an early screenplay, Skywalker was a 60 year-old general.


In the shooting script, he was called Luke Starkiller but this was changed to Luke Skywalker during production later, when filming moved to Elstree Studios in London. This did not cause a problem, as Luke’s last name had not been used in the scenes already shot. According to an interview with George Lucas, originally Luke was a girl, Han Solo was an Alien, the wookiees were called Jawas, and R2-D2 and C-3PO were called A-2 and C-3.

The Sound of the Force

George Lucas planned to score the film with existing classical music like Stanley Kubrick had done on “2001 – A Space Odyssey” before Steven Spielberg introduced him to composer John Williams. Lucas and Williams agreed on a classical 19th-century Romantic music style with liberal use of leitmotif for the score. Since the movie would show worlds never seen before, the music had to serve as an “emotional anchor” for the audience to relate. Click here to listen the Star Wars Open Theme.


lightsaberA “laser sword,” it consists of a polished metal hilt which projects a brightly lit blade about 4 feet or 1.33 meters long. The Lightsaber is the signature weapon of the Jedi order and their Sith counterparts, both of whom can use them for close combat, or to deflect blaster bolts. Its distinct appearance was created using rotoscoping for the original films, and digitally for the prequel trilogy. The Lightsaber’s blade cuts through most substances without resistance. It leaves cauterized wounds in flesh, but can be deflected by another Lightsaber’s blade, or by energy shields.

The Lightsaber sound effect was developed by sound designer Ben Burtt as a combination of the hum of idling interlock motors in aged movie projectors and interference caused by a television set on a shieldless microphone. Burtt discovered the latter accidentally as he was looking for a buzzing, sparking sound to add to the projector-motor hum. The pitch changes of Lightsaber movement were produced by playing the basic Lightsaber tone on a loudspeaker and recording it on a moving microphone, generating Doppler shift to mimic a moving sound source.

Princess Leia

P.J. Soles, Sissy Spacek and Nancy Allen, Farrah Fawcett, Glenn Close, Barbara Hershey, Bernadette Peters, Bonnie Bedelia, Dianne Wiest, Margot Kidder, Jessica Lange, Meryl Streep, Sigourney Weaver, Cybill Shepherd, Christine Lahti Jane Seymour, Anjelica Huston, Catherine Hicks, Christine Baranski, Kay Lenz, Kim Basinger, Kathleen Turner, Debra Winger, and Geena Davis all auditioned for the role of Princess Leia. Linda Blair, Jodie Foster, Pamela Sue Martin and Jill Clayburgh were considered.


Due to the limited budget the American cast members and crew (including George Lucas) all decided to fly coach class to England, rather than first class. When Carrie Fisher’s mother Debbie Reynolds heard about this she called Lucas, complaining about how insulting it was for her daughter to be flying coach. Fisher was in the room with Lucas when he took the call, and after a few minutes asked if she could talk to her mother. When Lucas handed her the phone she simply said, “Mother, I want to fly coach, will you f**k off?!” and hung up. In the Star Wars saga, despite she cries for his help, Princess Leia and Obi-Wan Kenobi never actually meet. The closest they get to meeting is when she sees him from a distance during the lightsaber duel with Darth Vader.


George Lucas came up with the name R2-D2 during post-production of “American Graffith”. One of the sound crew wanted Lucas to retrieve Reel #2 of the Second Dialogue track. In post-production parlance, this came out as “could you get R2-D2 for me?”. Lucas liked the sound of that and noted it down for future use. The origin of R2-D2 can be found in the “drones” Huey, Dewey, and Louie from the film “Silent Running”. Upon meeting Douglas Trumbull, director and special effects chief on “Silent Running”, George Lucas commented on how much he liked the designs of Trumbull’s two-footed robots in the film (which were operated by bilateral amputees).

r2-d2Four years later, a functionally similar design appeared as R2-D2 in “Star Wars”. Universal Studios, the distributor of “Silent Running” noted the similarity between the robots (and the similarity of “Star Wars” to the Buck Rogers serials of the ’30s), and promptly sued 20th Century Fox for infringement. The lawsuit was eventually settled when Fox counter-sued over “Battlestar Galactica” Pilot, which bore a striking resemblance to “Star Wars”.

R2-D2’s vocal patterns largely contain sound designer Ben Burtt’s own voice. In trying to create the beeping, whistling noises of the droid, Burtt found that he was vocalizing a lot of what he was trying to achieve, so he recorded his voice – mainly making baby noises – and then fed it through a synthesizer.


mayhewThough the only thing Chewbacca can say from start to finish is a Wookiee growl, he has the last line in the film. The name Wookiee came about as a result of an accident. When San Francisco DJ Terry McGovern was doing voice-over work on “THX 1138” for George Lucas, he made a blunder and exclaimed, “I think I ran over a wookiee back there”. George Lucas, confused, asked what he meant by the term. Terry McGovern admitted that he didn’t know and added that he simply made it up. George Lucas never forgot the cute word and used it years later in “Star Wars”.


Peter Mayhew worked as an orderly in a Yorkshire hospital prior to being cast in the movie. He won his role ten seconds after meeting George Lucas for the first time; all the 7’2″ Mayhew had to do was stand up. According to Ben Burtt, the sounds Chewbacca makes have been made from a compilation of large mammals, mostly bears (he said one particular zoo-kept Grizzly Bear was an invaluable source of Chewbacca sounds). According to Mark Hamill, studio executives were unhappy that Chewbacca has no clothes and attempted to have the costume redesigned with shorts.

Biggs, Fixer and Cammie Deleted Scene

Several scenes were filmed of Luke with his friends on Tatooine in an effort to introduce the main character earlier in the film. First Luke watches Princess Leia’s ship battle with the Imperial cruiser through his Macrobinoculars and later he meets his best friend Biggs Darklighter in Anchorhead, who has left the Imperial Academy and plans to join the Rebel Alliance. Also present in the Anchorhead scenes were Anthony Forrest as Fixer and Koo Stark as Fixer’s girlfriend Cammie. All these scenes were later cut, leaving Luke’s mention of Biggs to his aunt and uncle as the sole reference to his character early on.




The scenes have never officially appeared in any release of the movie, but stills were included in “The Story of Star Wars” (a book-and-record set), and the scenes also appeared in the comic book and novel adaptations. This has lead several people to believe they actually saw the scenes on the silver screen. All of the scenes were included on the CD-Rom “Star Wars: Behind the Magic” in 1998. A reunion scene between Luke and Biggs at the Rebel base was included in the Special Edition re-release of the movie. However, a line by Red Leader about having once met Luke’s father was cut from this exchange.

Wedge Antilles

Denis Lawson, who played Wedge Antilles (his name is misspelt in the credits as “Dennis Lawson”), is the uncle of Ewan McGregor, who plays Obi-Wan Kenobi in the prequels.


Wedge is the only one rebel pilot to survive at the Two Death Star battles.


The word “Jedi” is derived from the Japanese words “Jidai Geki” which translate as “period adventure drama.” A period adventure drama is a Japanese TV soap opera program set in the samurai days. George Lucas mentioned in an interview that he saw a “Jidai Geki” program on TV while in Japan a year or so before the movie was made and liked the word.


Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas. Lucas wanted his “Star Wars” to include visual effects that had never been seen on film before. After discovering that the in-house effects department at 20th Century Fox was no longer operational, Lucas approached Douglas Trumbull, famous for the effects on “2001: A Space Odyssey”. Trumbull declined as he was already committed to working on Steven Spielberg’s film “Close Encounters of the Third Kind”, but suggested his assistant John Dykstra to Lucas. Dykstra brought together a small team of college students, artists and engineers who became the Special Visual Effects department on “Star Wars”. Alongside Dykstra, other leading members of the original ILM team were Ken Ralston, Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Joe Johnston, Phil Tippett, Steve Gawley, Lorne Peterson and Paul Huston.


ILM spent most of the production period in chaos, attempting to create special effects that had never been created before. They blew half their budget on four shots which George Lucas rejected. Ultimately, around $5,000,000 of the $8,000,000 budget was spent by ILM. Was originally scheduled for a Christmas 1976 release, but was pushed back five months as post-production (especially special effects) took longer than expected. George Lucas had ILM watch archival footage of World War II dogfights as reference material for the final battle over the Death Star. This method would evolve into pre-visualization “animatics” in common use today. Former fighter pilots were also employed as technical advisors, and audio recordings of radio communications made during dogfights were studied, to help with the dialogue.



The terms “X-wing” and “Y-wing” and “TIE fighter” were used by ILM effects guys to distinguish the fighters. These terms are not used in this film, though they were incorporated into the sequels. They also became popular with the public after the toys and the Making of special aired on tv. In addition, ILM’s special effects staff nicknamed the Millennium Falcon “The Porkburger” but this never caught on.

Death Star

escape-sceneDeath Star (officially the DS-1 Orbital Battle Station) is a moon-sized space station commanded by Grand Moff Tarkin (Peter Cushing), it is the Galactic Empire’s “ultimate weapon”, capable of destroying a planet with one shot of its superlaser. The Death Star was created by the dean of special effects, John Stears. The buzzing sound counting down to the Death Star firing its superlaser comes from the Flash Gordon serials. The first Death Star’s schematics are visible in “Attack of the Clones”, and is shown early in construction at the end of “Revenge of the Sith”.

During the escape sequence from Death Star, stunt doubles were not used for the scene in which Luke and Leia swing to safety. Carrie Fisher and Mark Hamill performed that stunt themselves, shooting it in just one take.

In an earlier version of the script, the Millennium Falcon lands on not the Death Star but at a Cloud City that floats above the gaseous surface of the planet Alderaan. The rescue of Princess Leia and Obi-Wan Kenobi’s duel with Darth Vader take place at this base, not on the Death Star. A cut in the budget for the movie forced George Lucas to bring in the Death Star early, and in the finished film the scenes that would have take place in the Cloud City take place there, instead. The Cloud City, of course, was later used in “The Empire Strikes Back”. Since Alderaan was destroyed, however, it obviously couldn’t be the location of the Cloud City. So a new planet was created to house the Cloud City: Bespin.

The Death Star explosions featured in the special edition of “A New Hope” and in “Return of the Jedi” are rendered with a Praxis effect, wherein a flat ring of matter erupts from the explosion.


Jabba the Hutt was originally supposed to appear in the film, dropped in optically on top of stand-in actor Declan Mulholland. However, the effect was not acceptable and the scene was cut until CGI allowed it to be completed for the 1997 ‘Special Edition’.

Source: IMDb and Wkiipedia.

On this Saturday, 25 May, “Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi” turned 30.


A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away…

“Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi” is a 1983 American epic space opera film directed by Richard Marquand and written by George Lucas and Lawrence Kasdan, with Lucas as executive producer. It is chronologically the sixth film in the Star Wars franchise and the first film to use THX technology. The film is set approximately one year after “Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back” and was produced by Howard Kazanjian and Lucasfilm Ltd.

In the plot, the evil Galactic Empire, under the direction of the ruthless Emperor Palpatine, is building a second Death Star in order to crush the Rebel Alliance. Since Emperor Palpatine plans to personally oversee the final stages of its construction, the Rebel Fleet launches a full-scale attack on the Death Star in order to prevent its completion and kill Palpatine, effectively bringing an end to the Empire. Meanwhile, Luke Skywalker, a Rebel leader and Jedi Apprentice, struggles to bring Vader, who is his father and himself a fallen Jedi, back from the Dark Side of the Force.

David Lynch and David Cronenberg were considered to direct the project before Richard Marquand signed on as director. Filming began on January 11, 1982 and lasted through May 20, 1982, a schedule six weeks shorter than “The Empire Strikes Back”, and took place in England, California, and Arizona, with Lucas handling second unit work. Kazanjian’s schedule pushed shooting as early as possible in order to give Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) as much time as possible to work on effects, and left some crew members dubious of their ability to be fully prepared for the shoot.

Heavy secrecy surrounded production and the film was given the title “Blue Harvest” to prevent price gouging. The original teaser trailer for the film carried the name “Revenge of the Jedi”, but in December 1982 Lucas decided that “Revenge” was not appropriate and returned to his original title. “Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi” was released in theaters on May 25, 1983. The film it’s turning 30.


When David Lynch Met George Lucas

George Lucas approached David Lynch, who had been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for “The Elephant Man” in 1980, to helm “Return of the Jedi”, but Lynch declined in order to direct “Dune”. David Cronenberg was also offered the chance to direct the film, but he declined the offer to make “Videodrome” and “The Dead Zone”. Lucas eventually chose Richard Marquand, who directed the 1981 movie “Eye of the Needle”. Some reports have suggested that Lucas was so heavily involved in the shooting of “Return of the Jedi” that he could be considered a second or a co-director.

But what would have happened if David Lynch, the bizarre director of “Blue Velvet,” “Twin Peaks”, “Mulholand Drive” and “Inland Empire” had accepted to direct “Return of the Jedi”? We will never know, but look at this video below where Lynch said in an interview how was the day he met George Lucas. The credits from the video belongs to Sascha Ciezata.

Celebrate the Star Wars Weekend on All That I Love. Enjoy the 50 Photos Gallery.