Archive for October, 2013

What is the exact measure of what makes us human? What is the primary feeling that separates us from irrational beings? It is our unique ability of solidarity and indignation in the face of misery and pain of others? The pictures below were taken from research through compilation of reports and lists published by newspapers, magazines, websites specializing in photography, photojournalism and history.

The research aimed to identify what were the saddest photos of all time. Participated in the survey the publications: Life, The Guardian, Der Spiegel, Telegraph, El Universal, The Pulitzer Prizes, Day Life, World’s Famous Photos, Digital History, Listverse, Newspapers Option, Al Fotto, National Geographic and World Press Photo. Obviously lists are always incomplete. It is known that, like the perception, the subjective – that was the basis of the research – is an individual thing.

However, the pictures selected, if not unanimity among journalists and photographers (and possibly will not be among the readers) are undeniable references to some of the cruelest moments of history. Here are in classification order, the 20 saddest pictures selected based on these publications.

Omayra Sanchez (1985)

Omayra Sanchez (1985)

The photograph shows Omayra Sanchez, a 13-year-old girl who was trapped in construction waste after a landslide caused by the eruption of the volcano Nevado del Ruiz, which devastated the village of Armero, Colombia, in 1985. Rescuers were unable to rescue her. She died about 60 hours after being trapped. The photo won the World Press Photo 1985. Photographer: Frank Fournier.

The Nigerian-Biafran War (1969)

Biafra (1969)

Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist state in south-eastern Nigeria that existed from 30 May 1967 to 15 January 1970, taking its name from the Bight of Biafra (the Atlantic bay to its south). The Nigerian Civil War or the Nigerian-Biafran War killed more than a million people between 1967 and 1970, mainly from starvation. Thousands of children were affected of Kwashiorkor, pathology resulting from insufficient protein intake. The war photographer Don McCullin was the first to draw attention to the tragedy. Photographer: Don McCullin.

Phan Thi Kim Phúc (1972)

Phan Thi Kim Phúc (1972)

Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1973 and the most famous war photograph of all time. Kim Phuc (the girl naked, also known as the girl in the picture) runs along a road near Trang Bang, South Vietnam, after an aerial napalm attack. To survive, Kim ripped her clothes in flames of her body. Photographer: Nick Ut.

Execution of a Viet Cong Guerrilla (1968)

Execution of a Viet Cong Guerrilla (1968)

Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the picture shows Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the South Vietnamese police, firing his pistol into the head of Nguyen Van Lem, official Vietcong in Saigon. Although shocking, the picture does not tell the whole story. The murdered man had killed a family. Photographer: Eddie Adamst.

The Famine in Sudan (1993)

The Famine in Sudão (1993)

Photo published in March 1993 in the “New York Times” and responsible for the rise of Kevin Carter as a photographer. In 1994, Kevin won the Pulitzer Prize for Photography. Although the picture is impressive, the vulture was not as close of the boy as the picture suggests – a fact that continues to cause controversy among journalists and photographers. The boy in the photo was called Nyong Kong and survived the vulture, died in 2007. Kevin Carter, the photographer, was killed in 1994. Photographer: Kevin Carter.

Hiroshima (1945)

Hiroshima (1945)

The photograph shows the first atomic bombing in history. On August 6, 1945, the city of Hiroshima was devastated by atomic fission bomb called Little Boy, launched by the United States, resulting in 258,000 deaths and injuries. Photographer: George William Marquardt (the airplane pilot).

Racism in the United States (1950)

Racism in the United States (1950)

The photograph, which caused outrage around the world, shows separate drinking fountains for whites and blacks in North Carolina, United States. Until the 1950s, the african-Americans were not entitled to vote, were segregated socially and comprised the poorest segment of the U.S. population. Photographer: Elliott Erwitt.

The Power of One (2006)

The Power of One (2006)

In 2006, Israeli authorities ordered the evacuation of illegal outposts, such as Amona. Oded Balilty, an Israeli photographer for the Associated Press, was present when the evacuation degenerated into violent and unprecedented clashes between settlers and police officers. The picture shows a brave woman rebelling against authorities. Ynet Nili is the 16-year-old Jewish settler from the above picture. According to Ynet, “a picture like this one is a mark of disgrace for the state of Israel and is nothing to be proud of. The picture looks like it represents a work of art, but that isn’t what went on there. What happened in Amona was totally different.” Nili claims the police beat her up very harshly. “You see me in the photograph, one against many, but that is only an illusion – behind the many stands one man – (Prime Minister Ehud) Olmert, but behind me stand the Lord and the people of Israel.” Photographer: Oded Balilty.

Uganda (1980)

Uganda (1980)

Photography done by Mike Wells, in April 1980, shows a child in the province of Karamoja, Uganda, holding hands with a missionary. The contrast between the two hands serves as a reminder of the chasm that separates developed and underdeveloped countries. The photograph remained unpublished for years. Photographer: Mike Wells.

The Falling Man (2001)

The Falling Man (2001)

Photograph taken by Richard Drew, Associated Press photographer, showing a man falling from the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Five years after the attacks, the man was identified as Jonathan Briley, a 43-year-old employee of a restaurant installed in in the North Tower of the World Trade Center. However, officially, his identity has never been confirmed. Photographer: Richard Drew.

Migrant Mother (1936)

Migrant Mother (1936)

An icon of the Great Depression and one of the most famous photos of the United States. Florence Owens Thompson, 32, devastated by not having enough food to feed her children. American journalists have spent decades trying to locate the mother and her seven children. In late 1970 she was found not prospered greatly. She lived in a trailer. Photographer: Dorothea Lange.

The Afghan Girl (1985)

The Afghan Girl (1985)

Sharbat Gula is an Afghan woman who was the subject of a famous photograph by journalist Steve McCurry. Gula was living as a refugee in Pakistan during the time of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan when she was photographed. The image brought her recognition when it was featured on the cover of the June 1985 issue of National Geographic Magazine at a time when she was approximately 12 years old. The identity of the Afghan Girl remained unknown for over 17 years. McCurry made several attempts during the 1990s to locate her, but was only in January 2002, that he finally found her. Photographer: Steve McCurry.

Kosovo Refugees (2000)

Kosovo Refugees (2000)

Carol Guzy, the first woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize for spot news photography, received her most recent Pulitzer in 2000 for her touching photographs of Kosovo refugees. The above picture portrays Agim Shala, a two-year-old boy, who is passed through a fence made with barbed wire to his family. Thousands of Kosovo refugees were reunited and camped in Kukes, Albania. Photographer: Carol Guzy.

War Underfoot (2004)

War Underfoot (2004)

Los Angeles Times photographer Carolyn Cole took this terrifying photo during her assignment in Liberia. It shows the devastating effects of the Liberian Civil War. Bullet casings cover entirely a street in Monrovia. The Liberian capital was the worst affected region, because it was the scene of heavy fighting between government soldiers and rebel forces. Carolyn won pulitzer prize in 2004 with the set of pictures containing this one. Photographer: Carolyn Cole.

Thailand Massacre (1976)

Thailand Massacre (1976)

Neal Ulevich won the 1977 Pulitzer Prize for a series of photographs of disorder and brutality in the streets of Bangkok, Thailand. The Thammasat University Massacre took place on October 6, 1976. It was a very violent attack on students who were demonstrating against Field Marshall Thanom Kittikachorn. Field Marshal T. Kittikachorn was a dictator who was planning to come back to Thailand. The return of the military dictator from exile provoked very violent protests. Protestors and students were beaten, mutilated, shot, hung and burnt to death. Photographer: Neal Ulevich.

After the Storm (2008)

After the Storm (2008)

Miami Herald photographer Patrick Farrell captured the harrowing images of the victims of Haiti in 2008. Farrell documented the Haitian tragedy with impressive black-and-white stills. The subject of “After the Storm” is a boy who is trying to save a stroller after the tropical storm Hanna struck Haiti. Photographer: Patrick Farrell.

After the Tsunami (2004)

After the Tsunami (2004)

One of the most representative and striking photos of the aftermath of the Indian Ocean tsunami was taken by Reuters photographer Arko Datta  in Tamil Nadu. He won the World Press Photo competition of 2004. Kathy Ryan, jury member and picture editor of  The New York Times Magazine, characterized Datta’s image as a “graphic, historical and starkly emotional picture.” After the Tsunami” illustrates an Indian woman lying on the sand with her arms outstretched, mourning a dead family member. Her relative was killed by one of the deadliest natural disasters that we have ever seen: the Indian Ocean tsunami. Photographer: Arko Datta.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy (1984)

Bhopal Gas Tragedy (1984)

Pablo Bartholomew is an acclaimed Indian photojournalist who captured the Bhopal Gas Tragedy into his lens. Almost 30 years have passed since India’s worst industrial catastrophe injured 558,125 people and killed as many as 15,000. Because safety standards and maintenance procedures had been ignored at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, a leak of methyl isocyanate  gas and other chemicals triggered a  massive environmental and human disaster. Photographer Pablo Bartholomew rushed to document the catastrophe. He came across a man who was burying a child. Photographer: Pablo Bartholomew.

Operation Lion Heart (2005)

Operation Lion Heart (2005)

Pulitzer Prize award winning photojournalist Deanne Fitzmaurice won the highly respected award in 2005 for the photographic essay “Operation Lion Heart”. Operation Lion Heart is the story of a 9-year-old Iraqi boy who was severely injured by an explosion during one of the most violent conflicts of modern history – the Iraq War. The boy was brought to a hospital in Oakland, CA where he had to undergo dozens of life-and-death surgeries. His courage and unwillingness to die gave him the nickname: Saleh Khalaf, “Lion Heart”. Photographer: Deanne Fitzmaurice.

The Syria Gas (2013)

Syria Gas (2013)

This citizen journalism image provided by the Local Committee of Arbeen which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows Syrian citizens trying to identify dead bodies, after an alleged poisonous gas attack fired by regime forces, according to activists in Arbeen town, Damascus, Syria, on August 21, 2013. Syrian anti-government activists accused the regime of carrying out a toxic gas attack that killed at least 100 people, including many children as they slept, during intense artillery and rocket barrages on the eastern suburbs of Damascus, part of a fierce government offensive in the area. Photographer: AP Photo/Local Committee of Arbeen.

The purchase of Lucasfilm – say, the Star Wars franchise – by Disney begins to bear fruit beyond the expected. The promise of new movies, and the “discovery” of raw footage never seen before. Surely, there is much material to be mined in the basements of Lucasfilm which who knows why never before was included in previous saga editions on DVD and Blu-Ray.

No wonder the Empire lost to the rebel alliance — the storm troopers were so clumsy they fell all over each other. That’s one of many mistakes, falls, and general bumbling in a new Star Wars outtake reel, uploaded to YouTube Sunday. The video is a treat for fans of the film franchise, showing actors Harrison Ford, Alec Guinness and others breaking character after botched lines and missed cues.

The description accompanying the video reveals that the new footage comes from a recently re-released ebook, The Making of Star Wars (Enhanced Edition) by J.W Rinzler. Watch the video — which has no sound for the first 49 seconds — before YouTube remove it based on copyright rights:

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Please support the social movements in Brazil

Of what use have a constitution that is not respected by those who should obey and respect this constitution? The Brazilian leaders torn the constitution which guarantees freedom of expression and the right to the free manifestation. Dozens of teachers, students, journalists and street performers were arrested on the night of 15 October and taken straight to prison without evidence or trial, accused of terrorism and conspiracy. In the photo below, a man arrested in downtown of Rio that night show the Brazilian Constitution while is being arrested by police and taken to prison.

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Please support the brazilian popular uprising that started in June (with the RECORD OF 1 MILLION PEOPLE in the street of Rio) against the crimes of the governments (now bigger with the world cup coming) and police violence in the demonstrations against the people. I beg to all who are reading this post to come together in solidarity to the beautiful fight of the Brazilian people for the end of a lot of barbarism that happening every week in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and others cities in Brazil. Check the videos posted here to see what is the reality in Brazil now, not showed in television. We are living under a fascist state, without human rights and no freedom of speech. The social movements are being criminalized by the rulers and the media, demonstrators are being arrested everyday without proofs e taken to prison without judgement. People are being killed in the streets by POLICE in the name of the fascist governments that rule the country.

In Egypt, Syria, Greece, Italy, France, Chile, Mexico and others countries where are having demonstrations and protests against the political and social situation, the demonstrators are called “rebels”, “dissatisfied”, but in Brazil we are “criminals”, “vandals”, “rioters”, “terrorists” because the media controlled by nefarious Globo TV and others media as Record and Band, and newspapers as Folha, Estadão, O Globo and magazines as Veja are controlled by fascists who support the corrupt rulers as Governor of Rio Sergio Cabral and Governor of São Paulo Geraldo Alckmin, and many criminals politicians as Senate President Renan Calheiros (yes, it’s an ashamed but almost all the politicians in Brazil are corrupt and criminals) that use the police with all their war equipment (tanks, helicopters, rubber bullets, tear gas, pepper spray and REAL BULLETS) to supress the popular movements that took the streets since June.

You can help us just reading this post, watching the videos and learning a little more about the awful true of the social and political situation in Brazil today, and you can help us also sending this post to your friends asking to them to not come to Brazil to the World Cup 2014. Or you can just ignore this and close your eyes to the violence and abuses that we are suffering here in Brazil. We are fighting alone, just the people in the streets against media, politicians, rulers and many of our own people that manipulated by the media, do not know the true about the demonstrations and are condemning the social movements that claims only for better life conditions for everyone, including them own.

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This practice to use the media to lie to the nation about protests and demonstrators is an old tactical from the times of the dictatorship that rule Brazil for almost 25 years. But now this is not working because we have the Internet – the only free media in this country – through the social networks as Orkut, Facebook and YouTube where we can organize events, share information and report abuses of politicians, police violence and crimes of rulers. There is already unofficially Internet censorship in Brazil, where networks as Facebook block users or pages of activist content. I even had three profiles blocked and an account disabled immediately after its creation by Facebook. I had to create a page and now I’m using this page to interact with other activists pages. Please visit and like my page: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Marcio-Kenobi/618144698250007.

But there is an attempt to create a law to censor and to block content on the Internet as it exists in countries like China, for example, to be voted on by Congress this week: the “Marco Civil”, which will allow the Internet remains free as it ever was, or will allow that its content be censored, blocked or sold in packages by companies or providers as happens on cable TV. If this really happens – and it is almost certain to happen because there is government interest in controlling the freedom of expression that still exists in the Brazilian Internet and powerful groups like Globo, Oi and other providers to profit even more by selling to its subscribers access to content and services that are available free of charge by the creators and servers that host them. It’s an absurd but this is the country of the absurds. If the Brazilian people lose the Marco Civil, will be the end of freedom of expression and democracy in Brazil. We will live a dictatorship even more perverse and violent than in countries like Cuba, China and Syria.

200 Protesters Arrested in Rio de Janeiro: Please Take Action

Reblog from Blog.Witness.Org. Posted on October 17, 2013 by Priscila Néri

Roughly 200 people were arrested by police in Rio Tuesday (15 October) after protests brought thousands to the streets in support of public school teachers striking for better work conditions. According to local reports, this is the greatest number of arrests in one day since the ongoing protests first erupted in June, with many of those arrests having been carried out arbitrarily, randomly and with extreme violence, lack of proper procedures, and the absence of proof or adequate justifications. Here are some images from the night of October 15th:

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From the start of the protests in Rio, video has played a pivotal role in helping expose abuse against protestors. Videos have:

All along, an increasing number of livestreamers have also been broadcasting events in realtime to prove the peaceful nature of most protestors (see this video activist livestreaming his own arrest and warning the officer that his actions were being seen by 500 other people).

Videos have provided such useful examples that the collective of lawyers at Advogados Ativistas has used citizen video to illustrate an ongoing thread of instructional commentary on exactly what the law allows and what it does not (see this example of how they’re using video to educate protestors on their legal and constitutional rights).  ”The streets are a practical course in law,” says the collective.

Though violence has been a mark of police response to the public protests since June, the crackdown has intensified recently, with authorities desperate to show they are in control of the situation as sponsors of events like the 2014 World Cup reach out to Brazilian president Dilma to express fears of risks to their profits if the protests continue during the games next year.

This crackdown has come not just in the form of increased violence on the streets, but also in the form of heightened digital surveillance of activists, new laws meant to restrict protests and codify dissent as “organized crime”, and an unprecedented wave of direct targeting of people using video to capture the protests.

TAKE ACTION: Please take a moment to sign and share this petition demanding the immediate release of those arrested in Rio without legal basis.

But activists vow not to bow down, and the spirit of resistance seems to linger despite the violence, as we can see in this video of protestors applauding arrested activists as they’re driven away in a bus:

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The Organization of American States (OAS) received on Thursday last, a request to urgently investigate arbitrary arrests committed by the state of Rio against protesters arrested on 15 October. The complaint was made ​​by the NGO Global Justice and the Institute of Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Read more here.

No one will left behind

Almost all political prisoners on 15 October were released after spending several days in jail, but one is still trapped in the complex of Bangu: Jair Seixas Rodrigues, better known as Baiano, one of the most fearless activists who participate in social movements and occupations in Rio de Janeiro and therefore the most feared by the fascists who rule the government. Jair was arrested on the night of October 15 while walking through the streets of downtown Rio and remains stuck until today, accused without any material evidence of conspiracy, disobedience, disrespect and burning a police car and being undocumented (arresting people for being undocumented is common practice of the police, and Jair documents were stolen by the police in one of his previous arrests).

Stripped, humble and joyful, he is a simple person, but in his activist life has traveled to over 20 countries around the world and speaks English, French, Spanish and Norwegian. When there was the earthquake in Haiti, Jair participated as a volunteer on a humanitarian mission and carried the bodies of victims. He traveled to South Africa to learn more about the life of Nelson Mandela. Jair was in the United States and lived in Europe. In Salvador he worked with music workshop for street children. Today he works tirelessly on behalf of those who do not access to housing due to intense speculation in Rio de Janeiro.

Jair, or just Baiano, is one of the great warriors and symbols of popular demonstrations of 2013 and his arrest in Rio de Janeiro has enormous symbolic value also for the state, for which someone has to serve as an example, a scapegoat. We can not accept anyone being arrested for speaking out in defense of a more just society, much less a citizen so valuable as Jair. We ask everyone who can to publicize the history of this noble companion and ask for his release.

Video broadcasted live by independent reporter WoodyDudu shows the moment of the arrest of jair. Link original here.

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Do not confuse the reaction of the oppressed with the violence of the oppressor

Reports of violence committed by military police against innocent civilians, workers, demonstrators and law-abiding citizens are constants and a sad reality in Brazil. The military police with his military hierarchy, archaic structure and fascist ideology to suppress and intimidate has been committing all possible excesses throughout its existence. With the start of popular protests in Brazil, the function of the police is beating and arresting demonstrators and violently repress any popular discontent.

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Why the authorities and the Brazilian elite are so afraid of popular uprisings? Why the mainstream media lies to the public daily, criminalizing legitimate social movements that try to improve the lives and defend the constitutional rights of millions of citizens excluded and exploited by evil system? The answers are confused and get lost in the political history of Brazil. Were 513 years of dictatorship, exploitation and violence against the people and against minorities such as blacks, Indians and slum dwellers. United with a youth politicized and with only a small portion of the population that supports the popular movements, these minorities are gaining voices, losing their fear and are starting to fight for their rights.

girlPolice officer humiliates protester and makes sexual harassment in São Paulo, 25 October. During a demonstration, a policeman stops a young woman and examines their private parts using a flashlight.

The political class are affraid of losing privileges earned through arbitrary and unconstitutional laws. The rulers are afraid of losing their jobs and be prosecuted for corruption offenses. The media which support corrupt rulers and politicians and is supported by them, try at all costs to overthrow the social movements and manipulate public opinion that has no access to alternative media (57% of the population in Brazil does not have access to the Internet and still at the mercy of lies they read in newspapers and see on TV) against these movements.

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Here are two facts that had great impact on public opinion by the way the mainstream media manipulated the images. The first is the aggression to a military police, Cel. Reynaldo Simões Rossi, who was beaten by demonstrators during a protest in Sao Paulo, on 25 October. The media – Rede Globo, Record, Band – as always showed only the part that is interesting to them, the scenes of aggression pure and simple. But what they do not say and do not show is that this commander was threatening, searching and repressing protesters with brutality. The photo below shows this same commander pulling a protester on the pavement, what angered those who witnessed the scene.

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According to the testimony of the attorney Tabatha Alves, “Colonel ran up to the boy and began to beat, but I think he did not expect that all those that were seeing get revolted and moved ahead to force him to drop the boy. Thereafter, I have not seen more because started the confusion and I pulled away”. But all what the media shows are de 30s of the video showing the attack to the police officer. Presidente Dilma Houssef through her twitter, paid solidarity to the colonel beaten and the images served to put the population even more against demonstrations and members of the anarchist movements Black Bloc and Anonymous.

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“Why did you shoot me, sir?”

douglas-rodriguesThe second fact was the murder of Douglas Rodrigues, 17, student and worker, in São Paulo, on this Sunday, 27 October, by a shot triggered by a police officer, soldier Luciano Pires, 31, in Vila Medeiros, north zone of São Paulo. The student was in front of a bar with his 13 years-old brother. “They arrived giving shot from inside the car. I said nothing, did not even reaction of my brother”, said the victim’s brother, in an interview to SPTV. Also in the same interview, the victim’s mother, Rossana de Souza, said he died without knowing the reason for the shooting. “He even asked: ‘Why did you shoot me, sir?'” She said.

The Military Police said the shooting was accidental, when the soldier came out of the car. However, the victim’s brother says the police did not come out of the car. The soldier Luciano Pires was arrested and will answer for manslaughter when there is no intent to kill. In protest, neighborhood residents held demonstrations of outrage during dawn and during the night of Monday, closing Avenida Fernão Dias, one of the main roads of São Paulo, burning buses, trucks, cars and causing depredations. The Riot Police was called to control the situation, which ended with the arrest of more than 90 people. Again, the media used the images of protesters in anger to manipulate public opinion showing the scenes of destruction, and once again putting the public and private property above the value of another human life lost at the hands of a military policeman.

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Why the president who hastened to send their solidarity with beaten policeman also did not send a message of solidarity to the family of the boy Douglas, KILLED BY A MILITARY POLICEMAN IN SERVICE? Answer: Hypocrisy institutionalized. One more time, Carlos Latuff, the great cartoonist, defines well the hypocrisy presidential:

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Update 30 October: Pressured by the strong rebound of her twitter in defense of Colonel in the alternative media, social networks and Brazilian society, President Dilma Rousseff today lamented the death on Sunday of the 17-year old Douglas Rodrigues, and said the violence in the suburbs of towns are ‘stronger manifestation of inequality in Brazil’. A single sentence of solidarity, however, is not enough in the face of omissions of the federal government against the atrocities and violence committed by police forces in the cities, especially after herself President Dilma ordered the National Security Force to suppress with rubber bullet and tear gas the popular demonstration against the auction of oil last week. Yesterday a new episode involving the death of 16 year old boy by a military policeman in São Paulo, caused further protests. According to police, the teenage was shot by a police officer who reacted to a robbery attempted of him and another minor. The boy came to be rescued, but succumbed to his injuries. Dwellers contest the police version, saying that the young man known as Jean was not bandit, and was killed with three shots: two in the abdomen and one in the head, which points to a summary execution. The Military Police of São Paulo is the biggest killer in the world.

Photographer captures each stage of her pregnancy in heartwarming series of snapshots

The Argentine photographer Sophie Starzenski had the idea to capture her pregnancy week by week to show the evolution of the growth of her belly. The result was a series of poetic self-portraits in the mirror made with just your camera as a companion, taking a picture at week 4, week 15, week 20, 25, 29, 33, 37, 40 and then finally with her two months son, Simon.

The snapshots were published in the facebook profile of the photographer and gradually gained more and more prominence. Given its great impact on social networks finally Sophie has decided to publish the photos on Behance’s website and show the whole world this beautiful series of self-portraits so special: “Proyecto Pyokko”.

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Site: http://www.behance.net/gallery/Proyecto-Pyokko/11068993
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SophieStarzenski

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Recently, the invasion of the Institute Royal in São Paulo by activists opposed to the use of animals in scientific research raised the debate about animal rights in Brazil. Understand what happened.

Institute Royal and the animal rights

instituteInstitute Royal headquarters, in São Paulo, from where about 200 beagle dogs used in scientific research were rescued by activists.

StopAnimalCrueltyAt dawn on October 18, about 200 activists stormed the headquarters of the Institute Royal in São Roque, in São Paulo, to rescue beagles that were being used in scientific research, and several rabbits and mices. The planned invasion through social networks , followed closely by the police, reflected in public opinion by the most favorable possible way. Besides showing that social movements and activism promoted by groups like the Black Bloc and Anonymous – who not only participated in the rescue but supported the cause through their websites – has led the public to review some concepts about these groups , often accused being hooligans or vandals and criminalized by the official and manipulative media.

According to information released by the NGO “Compassion Information and Attitude Animal” after the arrival of a group of Black Blocs the gates were breached and the invasion occurred into the laboratories. Through social networks, the activists urged people to go to the place with cars to help in the rescue. According to the protesters, the animals were used for laboratory testing for cosmetic and pharmaceutical products and were subjected to mistreatment.

Given the impact of the case, even Globo TV – the most fascist arm that supports governments against popular demonstrations – changed the speech using the word “activists” all throughout the news showing the rescue of the animals. Although in practice the invasion was a crime, neither the police intervened nor the media criminalized the action. According to the protesters, at least 200 dogs were removed from the Institute and pages were created on Internet to campaigns for adoption. The police intervened only from the moment that activists most exalted began to vandalize the building, destroying equipment and research material.

See this video with the begin of the rescue:

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freezerAccording to activists, mutilated animals were found dead and frozen.

dead-beagle-frozenPicture shows beagle frozen in nitrogen found by activists in the laboratory.

shaved-beagleThe dog with of the coat shaved and rescued of the laboratory could barely walk.

affectionSome of the rescued dogs receive the first affection that had in their lives even in the middle of the street.

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Throughout the day there were several waves of protests that continued for the next few days, as well as direct confrontations with the police. A police car and the car of the Globo TV team were torched. Several protesters were injured and some were arrested. A wave of indignation and anger among those who advocate ending the use of animals in scientific research has spread through social networks, causing immediate reaction from groups that defend this practice, and now increased the discussion about the use of animals in scientific research in Brazil.

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Beagles are a breed standard for research around the world because they are friendly dogs and easy to handle. Many are created specifically for this. In the U.S., there is a protection group, the Beagle Freedom Project, which carries out rescues and fight to end the practice. On their website, there are several videos of releases. Startled, the animals take out the cages and understand that they are free.

TEXTO ORIGINAL:

Instituto Royal e o direito dos animais

Recentemente, a invasão do prédio do Instituto Royal em São Paulo por ativistas contrários ao uso de animais em pesquisas científicas levantou o debate sobre o direito dos animais no país.

Na madrugada de 18 de outubro, cerca de 200 ativistas invadiram a sede do Instituto Royal, em São Roque, no interior de São Paulo, para o resgate de cães da raça Beagle que estavam sendo usados em pesquisas científicas, além de diversos coelhos e ratos. A invasão planejada através das redes sociais, acompanhada de perto pela polícia, repercutiu na opinião pública da forma mais favorável possível. Além de mostrar que os movimentos sociais e o ativismo promovido por grupos como o Black Bloc e o Anonymous – que não só participaram do resgate como apoiaram a causa através de suas páginas na Internet – levou à opinião pública a rever alguns conceitos sobre esses grupos, frequentemente acusados de serem baderneiros ou vândalos e criminalizados pela mídia oficial e manipuladora.

Segundo informações divulgadas pela ONG “Compaixão  Informação e Atitude Animal”, após a chegada de um grupo de Black Blocs os portões foram arrombados e ocorreu a invasão dos laboratórios. Através das redes sociais, os ativistas pediram que as pessoas fossem ao local com carros para ajudar no resgate. Segundo os manifestantes, os animais eram usados para testes laboratoriais para produtos cosméticos e farmacêuticos e eram submetidos a maus tratos.

Diante da repercussão do caso, até mesmo a Rede Globo – o braço mais fascista a apoiar os governos contra as manifestações populares – mudou o discurso usando a palavra “ativistas” durante toda a reportagem que mostrou o resgate dos animais. Embora na prática a invasão tenha sido um crime, nem a polícia interviu nem a mídia criminalizou a ação. Segundo os manifestantes, ao menos 200 cães foram retirados do Instituto e páginas foram criadas na Internet para campanhas de adoção. A polícia interviu apenas a partir do momento em que “ativistas” mais exaltados começaram a depredar o prédio, destruindo equipamentos e material de pesquisa.

Ao longo do dia houve diversas ondas de protestos que se seguiram pelos dias seguintes, além de confrontos diretos com a polícia. Uma onda de indignação e revolta entre os que defendem o fim do uso de animais em pesquisas científicas se espalhou pelas redes sociais, provocando a reação imediata de grupos que defendem essa prática, e incendiou a discussão sobre o uso de animais em pesquisas científicas no Brasil.

Entenda a Lei 9.605 que pune maus-tratos a animais

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luiza-mell-1Uma das primeiras ativistas a serem identificadas pela Polícia Civil na invasão ao Instituto Royal, a apresentadora de TV Luisa Mell diz ter experimentado o “pior momento” de sua vida nas horas anteriores ao resgate dos cães da raça beagle, diante de rumores de que os animais seriam sacrificados. Após levar uma fêmea para casa, a apresentadora afirma que os cães utilizados em pesquisas no instituto apresentam diversos distúrbios de personalidade. “O que mais me choca é a maldade humana. É horrível ver a apatia desses animais. Sou uma pessoa que resgata animais toda a semana, tenho experiência nisso, e nunca tinha visto animais tão apáticos”, dispara a apresentadora, cuja carreira é voltada para a defesa dos direitos dos animais. Saiba mais no site da Luisa Mell.

A lei brasileira permite o uso de animais em pesquisas científicas, mas pune os maus-tratos com base no artigo 32 da Lei de Crimes Ambientais (Lei 9.605, de 1998), que determina que é crime “praticar ato de abuso, maus-tratos, ferir ou mutilar animais silvestres, domésticos ou domesticados, nativos ou exóticos”. Quem incorrer nas práticas estará sujeito a pena de detenção de três meses a um ano, além de multa. Se o animal morrer em decorrência do crime, a pena é aumentada de um sexto a um terço. A lei prevê a mesma punição para quem realizar “experiência dolorosa ou cruel com animal vivo, ainda que para fins didáticos ou científicos, quando existirem recursos alternativos”.

Como a maioria das leis brasileiras, a Lei 9.605 deixa brechas a especulações e saídas jurídicas que certamente livrarão das grades os responsáveis pelo Instituto Royal. O ponto polêmico é concluir se o Instituto, que funcionava legalmente com o apoio de órgãos federais e era fiscalizado pelo CONCEA (Conselho Nacional de Controle de Experimentação Animal), estava realizando maus-tratos ou não. Os vereadores da Câmara Municipal de São Roque (SP) instauraram uma Comissão Especial de Inquérito (CEI) para investigar as ações do Instituto Royal no município.

Em nota oficial, a Polícia Militar de São Paulo informou que não evitou a invasão porque “optou por evitar colocar em risco a integridade física das pessoas” porque o número de manifestantes, curiosos e ativistas aumentou rapidamente. Os inquéritos policiais sobre o caso foram transferidos de São Roque, município do interior paulista que sedia o instituto, para a Delegacia de Investigações Gerais (DIG) do município de Sorocaba. Segundo o delegado ditular do caso, os ativistas flagrados depredando o Instituto serão enquadrados na nova Lei de Associação Criminosa. Um dos inquéritos vai apurar também as denúncias de maus-tratos contra os animais – cães, coelhos e ratos – usados como cobaias em experimentos científicos. Serão ouvidos os diretores responsáveis pelo Instituto Royal, que já foram intimados.

Por sua vez, o Instituto Royal refutou as alegações de maus-tratos e definiu o resgate dos animais como um “ato de grave violência, com sérios prejuízos para a sociedade brasileira, pois dificulta o desenvolvimento de pesquisa científica no ramo da saúde”. A invasão, ainda segundo o Instituto, provocou a perda de pesquisas e de um patrimônio genético que levou mais de dez anos para ser reunido. Entre as pesquisas realizadas pelo Instituto estão testes para medicamentos coadjuvantes na cura do câncer, além de antibióticos e fitoterápicos da flora brasileira. O Instituto, porém, é acusado não só de maus-tratos como também de realizar testes de produtos cosméticos para empresas do setor.

Anvisa e a Lei Arouca

beagles1A legislação que trata do uso de animais para fins científicos e didáticos está sob análise da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa). A autarquia avalia se há lacunas referentes à fiscalização das pesquisas para produção de medicamentos e cosméticos que podem ter impacto no uso de cobaias. De acordo com a Anvisa, a legislação atual não especifica o órgão responsável pela fiscalização dos laboratórios de pesquisa em animais. No âmbito da agência reguladora, não há exigência expressa para o uso de animais em testes, mas é necessária a apresentação de dados que comprovem a segurança dos diversos produtos registrados na Anvisa.

As regras para o uso de animais em pesquisa são definidas pela Lei 11.794, batizada de Lei Arouca, e pelos comitês de ética em pesquisa com animais ligados ao Sistema de Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa. Por definição da Lei Arouca, as instituições que executam atividades com animais podem receber cinco tipos de punição, que vão da advertência e suspensão de financiamentos oficiais à interdição definitiva do laboratório. A multa pode variar entre R$ 5 mil e R$ 20 mil.

Responsável por regular as atividades científicas com animais, o Conselho Nacional de Controle de Experimentação Animal (Concea), ligado ao Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, determina, por meio de diretriz, que atividades científicas ou didáticas devem considerar a substituição do uso dos animais, a redução do número de cobaias usadas, além do refinamento de técnicas que permitam reduzir o impacto negativo sobre o bem-estar deles.

A diretriz também orienta os profissionais a escolher métodos humanitários para condução dos projeto e a avaliar os animais regularmente para observar evidências de dor ou estresse agudo no decorrer do projeto e a usar agentes tranquilizantes, analgésicos e anestésicos adequados para a espécie animal e para os objetivos científicos ou didáticos.

O ministro da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, Marco Antonio Raupp, condenou nesta quarta-feira (23/10), na Câmara dos Deputados, a invasão do Instituto Royal, em São Paulo, por ativistas de direitos dos animais. Para o ministro, o episódio, ocorrido na sexta-feira (18) passada, foi um “crime”. “Essa invasão é um crime. Foi feita à revelia da lei. Quando se discutiu a legislação, discutiu-se também a necessidade que a comunidade científica tem – tanto as agências públicas, as universidades como as empresas – de fazer testes com relação a novos medicamentos. Em todo o mundo é assim. Não é só no Brasil não.”

Só porque em todo mundo é assim – será que é mesmo ou é apenas no Brasil em que leis frouxas não punem quem mereça ser punido, ou  que leis ambíguas além de defender os culpados, servem também para condenar os inocentes? Assista esse documentário e tire suas próprias conclusões.

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O Grupo Ativista Anonymous Brasil, através de seu site, divulgou um dossiê expondo os dados do Instituto Royal e de seu presidente, que faço questão de reproduzir aqui:

Dados da empresa:

Razão Social: INSTITUTO DE EDUCACAO PARA PESQUISA, DESENVOLVIMENTO E INOVACAO TECNOLOGICA – ROYAL
Nome Fantasia: INSTITUTO ROYAL
CNPJ: 07.196.513/0001-69
Porte: NAO INFORMADO
Data de abertura: 14/01/2005
Telefones:
(11) 4714-1040
(11) 4714-1949
(11) 5928-0550
(11) 5971-8270
(19) 3843-9590

Endereços:
R PROFESSOR ENEAS DE SIQUEIRA NETO, 340 JARDIM DAS IMBUIAS CEP 04829-300 SP – SAO PAULO
ROD RAPOSO TAVARES, S/N – KM 56 MAILASQUI CEP 18131-220 SP – SAO ROQUE

Perfil Empresarial Bens e Receita
Faixa de Funcionários: De 21 a 50
Faturamento Presumido: 7 – De 5.000.000,01 a 10.000.000,00
Proprietário: ROMEU PEREIRA DE SOUZA (Presidente)

Dados do proprietário do Instituto:

Nome: ROMEU PEREIRA DE SOUZA
CPF: 042.672.658-87
E-mail: rpsouza@terra.com.br
Sexo: MASCULINO
Data de nascimento: 03/08/1940 (73 ANOS)

Telefones:
(19) 3863-0451
(19) 3863-2031
(19) 3863-8646
(19) 99771-7439
(19) 99789-0287
(19) 99831-0776

Endereços:
R NATALIO BIANCHESSI, 169 – C A S CHACARA SANTA FE CEP 13975-005 SP – ITAPIRA
R EUCLIDES DA CUNHA, 31 NOVA ITAPIRA CEP 13974-270 SP – ITAPIRA

Faixa de renda presumida
A1 – Acima de R$ 10.000,00

Sr. Romeu Pereira de Souza, esse dedo é para o senhor e toda a diretoria do Instituto Royal:

foto

Porque cães da raça Beagle e 10 fatos que você precisa saber

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Os beagles são usados por serem uma raça dócil e por terem menos variações genéticas, o que torna os resultados dos testes mais exatos. Saiba mais:

1. Os beagles são uma raça padrão para pesquisas no mundo todo, pois são cães dóceis e de fácil manuseio. Muitos são criados especificamente para isso. Nos EUA, existe um grupo de proteção, o Beagles Freedom Project, que realiza resgates e luta para acabar com a prática. No site deles, há vários vídeos de libertações. Assustados, os peludos demoram a sair das gaiolas e a entender que estão livres.

2. Em 2008, foi criada a lei 11.794 (leia ela na íntegra aqui) que regulamenta os experimentos com animais no Brasil. Há parágrafos de interpretação bastante ampla. Se o Instituto Royal for considerado culpado das acusações de maus tratos, pode ser penalizado com: advertência; multa de 5 000 a 20 000 reais; interdição temporária; suspensão de financiamentos de fontes oficiais de crédito e fomento científico; ou, mais gravemente, interdição definitiva.

3. 80% das pesquisas com animais no mundo são realizadas com camundongos e ratos, mas também estão envolvidos macacos, cachorros e aves.

4. Calcula-se que 100 milhões de bichos por ano sejam usados em experimentos.

5. Esses testes custam, em média, 14 bilhões de dólares anualmente.

6. As pesquisas são usadas principalmente, nesta ordem, para: desenvolvimento de novas drogas, produção de vacinas, pesquisas relativas ao câncer e estudos de toxicidade.

7. Carol Romanini, do Beleza de Blog, publicou a lista do Peta (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) sobre empresas de cosmético que realizam ou não testes em animais (dá para lê-la aqui). O grupo brasileiro Pea (Projeto Esperança Animal) relacionou também algumas marcas brasileiras que não realizam esse tipo de experimento (veja aqui). Entre elas, aparecem Granado, Jequiti, Mahogany, Contém 1g, O Boticário…

8. O deputado estadual Feliciano Filho apresentou em 2012 um projeto de lei que restringe a utilização de animais em atividades de ensino no Estado de São Paulo, prática comum em várias universidades (leia a íntegra aqui).

9. O Instituto Royal é uma OSCIP (Organização da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Público), ou seja, recebe verba pública de instituições de fomento à pesquisa.

10. Estão rolando pelo menos dois abaixos-assinados na internet contra os testes no Instituto Royal, um da Avaaz e outro da Petição Pública. Existem também grupos que procuram por métodos alternativos ao uso de animais em pesquisa, como a Sociedade Brasileira de Métodos Alternativos à Experimentação Animal (SBMAlt).

Fonte desse texto: http://vejasp.abril.com.br/blogs/bichos/2013/10/beagles-instituto-royal-testes-animais/