Archive for May, 2014

Courtenay McKay is a graphic designer from Canada, who created a series of posters for the Gender Based Violence Prevention Project (GBVPP) at the University of Alberta to spread awareness about rape culture.

“The Gender Based Violence Prevention Project is a new project of the Students’ Union that promotes a campus free of gender based violence. Gender Based Violence exists in both visible and invisible ways on our campus and affects the lives of many University students, staff, faculty, and community members. Through education, awareness, and institutional change, we are striving to create a campus free of gender based violence where everyone can feel safe and supported.”

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Others Courtenay McKay projects includes the GBVPP Consent Campaign:

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Source: Paige’s Awesome Fandoms.

With the blood of thousands of innocent people injured, tortured and killed in the name of order will start the FIFA big circus.

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Why we do not want this World Cup?

Because the Brazilian people are tired of being humiliated by politicians liars, opportunists and corrupted. Because the Brazilian people are tired of seeing people dying in the queues of hospitals without receiving medical care. Because the Brazilian people are tired of seeing their children without access to education. Because the Brazilian people are tired of paying the highest rate of duty in the world without receiving anything in return. Because the Brazilian people are tired of corrupt and hypocritical politicians who only create laws for their own benefit. Because the Brazilian people are tired of the violence, of not having security to go to work or go to the streets. Because the Brazilian people are tired of the violence of the police forces – the police of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are the biggest killers in the world. Because the Brazilian people are tired of not having jobs and don’t have a decent wage while the costs for the World Cup is estimated at R$ 30 billion or US$ 13,9 billion, with the reform of the Maracana stadium costed alone R$ 1 billion or US$ 465 million. Do you think it is fair?). Because the Brazilian people are tired of the precarious, inefficient and expensive public transport. Because the Brazilian people are tired of the promises and lies of governments that betrayed the trust of those who elected them. Because the Brazilian people are tired. The people that are on the streets are shouting they are tired of all of this.

But despite all the problems (unfinished stadiums, unfinished works, scrapped airports, poor public transport, strikes, protests, increasing violence and social chaos promoted by various groups opposed to the event) it seems that the World Cup circus will start on 12 June.

8nhnobr6maWith posters of “Will not have Cup, will have strike” and “We need schools, not stadiums”, teachers on strike protest during the hotel leaving of the Brazilian national football team on this Monday (26), in Teresopolis. Source: http://odia.ig.com.br/.

The new Brazilian dictatorship

And all these corrupt politicians and rulers want is to profit with the event and show a false image of the country to impress foreign tourists. The old strategy from the times of the military dictatorship that tried to make Brazil to enter into the First World through the back door creating great works that consumed public property and are now abandoned (do you remember or heard about the Trans-Amazonian Highway? No? See photos here and read about here). Just as the fascists and murderous generals who led Brazil and ordered useless works at touch of cash, the current government of President Dilma Rousseff (as fascist and murderous as the militaries) is using the World Cup and the 2016 Olympics to burn public money, profit with the works and the events and, just as in the past, using the corrupted media (read Globo TV) to deceive and alienate the people and make all of us to believe that all this is necessary for the development of the country.

The lies of this fascist government that controls the country and the capitalist groups that are using the image of President Dilma Rousseff (an ex-guerrilla fighter of the times of military dictatorship which have corrupted herself like every Brazilian politician who reaches a certain degree of power) to create a fake sense of order and make people ignorant thinking the World Cup is required. Because of this, still there’s a considerable portion of the population that does not know the truth. That’s because the only access they have to information is through the corrupt media that invents lies and hides the truth just because not only defends the interests of these groups as well will profit with the event: Globo Network, the largest cancer in the media sector in Brazil, which supported the military dictatorship in the years 60 and 70 and now supports the capitalist dictatorship that was installed after the fall of the military regime in the early ’80s.

The World Cup is needed for whom?

For bums and corrupt politicians as governors of Rio de Janeiro Sergio Cabral and Governor of Sao Paulo Geraldo Alckmin, who pocketed millions of dollars in illicit and overpriced construction contracts? For Odebrecht and Andrade Gutierrez contractors who made ​​millions of dollars from overpriced contracts to perform useless works in host cities and stadiums that will not be finalized in time for the start of the games? For FIFA, which will pocket millions of dollars from broadcasting rights and advertising during games? For Globo Network that will broadcast the World Cup games and have the rights of transmission until the World Cup 2022? For the football clubs who will inherit the stadiums used for the World Cup? For the real estate companies that will sell the buildings constructed in areas that were valued for being close to the stadiums or experienced some improvement work – this after the former residents were expelled from these locations because of the real state speculation? Sure.

dilma-stadiumPresident Dilma Rousseff inaugurated the Corinthians Arena, venue for the opening ceremony of the World Cup. The stadium is unfinished and with many design errors that do not meet the FIFA requirements. (Photo: Fernando Dantas / Gazeta Press). Source: http://www.gazetaesportiva.net/.

But the excuse is that the World Cup will bring tourists who will spend lots of money in the country. Yes, but they will spend on hotels, restaurants and services, whose owners already have money. Furthermore, in a month all the tourists are gone and the revenue from these sectors will return to normal. A month of profit for one or another sector of the economy of a country justifies this huge spending with the cost of an event like the World Cup? Yes, if there is corruption as it exists in Brazil. If it was not an advantage to these corrupt politicians, there would be no World Cup in Brazil. If is going to have a World Cup, is because some (few) people are profiting (very) with the event: politicians, TV stations owners, contractors and owners of business groups that control the main products and services offered in the country.

Think about it: why Brazil was chosen to host the World Cup 2014 even with all the difficulties and needs of the country to conduct such events? Because FIFA is very kind and wanted to give the World Cup to Brazil? NO. Because no civilized and developed country in the world was interested in hosting the World Cup because they know because of its past experiences that host major sporting events such as the World Cup only causes chaos and damage. In addition, other countries also interested were offering worse situation than Brazil. Do you can think about a World Cup being realized in Colombia?

And the improvements in the cities that will host the games?

What improvements? Evict people from their homes to build stores and parking lots and then sell all to the real estate speculation? Tell the police and army to occupy strategic areas of these cities on the pretext of is guaranteeing the safety of tourists when in fact the function of these agents is to terrorize the population to do not undertake violent protests against the governments and the hosting of the World Cup as happened in June and July last year? All cities that will host World Cup matches are being shaken by strikes, protests, increasing violence and do not received any investment in health, education and public transport.

ecdfrfThe Armed Forces occupied the favelas Maré Complex on April 5th. Since then reports of confronts between residents and the security agents are frequents. (Photo: Carlos Moraes).

Cup for whom?

For the black and poor favela resident who will see the Brazilian team plays on television or for the rich white who can afford the expensive ticket to watch the World Cup games in the stadiums? A challenge if you will watch the games on TV: try to find a black person in the stands of stadiums. For the street vendor who will sell popsicles and water (because the sale of alcohol is prohibited in the surroundings of the stadiums) and may even have two weeks of profit, but what about when the World Cup is over? To the citizen who will have drastically altered their routine with dozens of street closures, dozens of unfinished works and services overpriced due to the increase in demand for these products and services?

World Cup? If this was good for any country, every country in the world would want to conduct one.

But even with all the social chaos, violence and corruption in her government and delays in structural works such as airports and stadiums unfinished, what Mrs. Dilma Rousseff says about the World Cup?

“I am proud of our achievements. We do not have to be ashamed of and we do not have the mutts complex” – presidente Dilma Rousseff.

Really, Mrs. Dilma? Read what the people think about the FIFA World Cup, painted in a train wagon in Brazil:

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And what Mrs. Dilma Rousseff thinks about the protests against the World Cup in Brazil?

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And what Mr. Joseph Blatter – the FIFA’s president – thinks about the World Cup in Brazil?

“The Brazilians are a bit unhappy as they have been promised a great deal. Brazil is the sixth biggest economy in the world and when Mr Lula was elected president he promised to improve the country. But to improve it requires the willingness of the people to work. Society has become divided” Joseph Blatter, in an enterview to a Swiss newspaper  (read here).

Really, Mr. Blatter? Do you think can call Brazilian people of vagabonds (“it requires the willingness of the people to work”) and throw garbage in our backyard and get away like this? This is my personal message to you, Mr. Blatter:

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And this is my message to Mrs. Dilma Rousseff, Mr. Sergio Cabral, Mr. Geraldo Alckmin, Mr. Eduardo Paes, Mr. Aldo Rebelo, Mr. Pelé, Mr. Eike Batista, Mr. Ronaldo, Globo Network and everyone who are supporting this f*ck World Cup in my country! Go to hell!

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I will turn off my TV and radio in the next month and I will see movies and write about them to my movies blogs (Assim Era Hollywood and Cult Movies). I’ll be back when this shit have finished. It’s not because I hate football, it’s because of everything about this goddam World Cup.

Why you should not come to Brazil to the World Cup?

Well, here are all my posts until now explaining why you should not come to Brazil to the World Cup, but you can read my Editorial in English clicking here.

* 05/05/2014: Football Fan killed after being hit by toilet bowl in Brazil
* 23/04/2014: Riots in Rio following death of a dancer allegedly by police
* 12/04/2014: Chaos and violence in Rio de Janeiro
* 07/04/2014: ‘Carjackers’ in Brazil kill British oil worker
* 10/02/2014: Brazilian cameraman hit in the head by firework dies
* 07/02/2014: Welcome to Brazil Part II
* 07/02/2014: Welcome to Brazil Part I: The Blackout
* 09/12/2013: Savagery in the country of the World Cup
* 07/12/2013: Brazil World Cup Fever?
* 29/10/2013: October 15: the day that never ends
* 25/10/2013: The Field of Libra – O Campo de Libra
* 25/10/2013: Brazil: fascism, prisons and the right of not manifest
* 19/10/2013: Teacher’s Day – Dia do Professor
* 16/10/2013: A photographic protest by Alex Moscow
* 08/10/2013: Black October – War in Brazil
* 04/10/2013: Black September: A Black Bloc Essay
* 02/10/2013: Fascism in Rio: Police beat up teachers
* 19/09/2013: Where’s Amarildo? – Onde Está o Amarildo?
* 08/09/2013: Black September: War and Fascism in Brazil
* 06/09/2013: Brazilians all around the world: the time is coming!
* 28/08/2013: War in Rio – The Police Strikes Again
* 21/08/2013: Rio police attack lawyers, journalists and protesters
* 19/08/2013: 19th August: World Photography Day
* 17/08/2013: #ChangeBrazil (English)
* 05/08/2013: #OccupyBrazil (English)
* 23/07/2013: Brazilian people against the costs of Pope’s Visit
* 01/07/2013: Brazilian people against the World Cup

* 19/06/2013: Editorial: No, I’m not Going to the World Cup (English)

How you can help us to spread the true about the World Cup around the world?

You can help the Brazilian people just supporting the protests in Brazil as the Greek people and the German people in the photos below – and DO NOT COME TO BRAZIL TO THE WORLD CUP.

greece-protestTranslate from the Greek: LAWN IRRIGATED WITH BLOOD OF THE POOR.

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You can also help us sharing this post and the videos below. It’s a little late to avoid people to come to Brazil, but even they come, they will come knowing all the true about corruption, violence, dictatorship and the lies for World Cup 2014.

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And thank you very much for reading this Blog. I will back in July.

Portuguese text:

Porque nós não queremos uma Copa do Mundo?

Apesar de todos os problemas (estádios inacabados, obras inacabadas, aeroportos sucateados, transporte público deficiente, greves, protestos, violência crescente e caos social promovido por diversos grupos contrários à realização do evento) parece que o circo da FIFA vai começar mesmo no dia 12 de junho.

A nova ditadura brasileira
Tudo o que esses políticos e governantes corruptos querem é lucrar com o evento e mostrar uma falsa imagem do país para impressionar os turistas estrangeiros. A velha estratégia dos tempos da ditadura militar que tentou fazer o Brasil entrar para o Primeiro Mundo pela porta dos fundos realizando obras grandiosas que consumiram o patrimônio público e agora estão abandonadas (você se lembra ou ouviu falar da Transamazônica? Não? Veja fotos e leia mais aqui). Da mesma forma que os generais fascistas e sanguinários que comandaram o Brasil e ordenaram obras inúteis a toque de caixa, o atual governo (tão fascista e sanguinário quanto os militares) está usando a Copa do Mundo e as Olimpíadas de 2016 para queimar dinheiro público, lucrar com as obras e o evento e, da mesma forma que no passado, usar a mídia corrompida (entenda-se Rede Globo de Televisão) para enganar o povo alienado e fazer crer que tudo isso é necessário para o desenvolvimento do país.

As mentiras do governo fascista que controla o país e dos grupos capitalistas que usam a imagem da presidente Dilma Rousseff (uma ex-guerrilheira dos tempos da ditadura militar que se corrompeu como todo político brasileiro que alcança certo grau de poder) para criar um senso de ordem na população ignorante de que a Copa do Mundo é necessária, ainda há uma parcela considerável da população brasileira que desconhece a verdade. Isso porque o único acesso que eles tem à informação é através da mídia corrupta que inventa mentiras e esconde a verdade porque ela não só defende os interesses desses grupos como vai lucrar com a realização do evento: a Rede Globo de televisão, o maior câncer do setor de mídia no Brasil, que apoiou a ditadura militar nos anos de 60 e 70 e agora apoia a ditadura capitalista que se instalou após a queda do regime militar no começo dos anos 80.

A Copa do Mundo é necessária para quem?
Para políticos vagabundos e corruptos como os governadores do Rio de Janeiro Sergio Cabral e de São Paulo Geraldo Alckmin, que embolsaram milhões de dólares em contratos ilícitos e obras superfaturadas? Para as empreiteiras Odebrecht e Andrade Gutierrez que faturaram milhões de dólares com contratos superfaturados para a realização de obras inúteis nas cidades-sedes e estádios que não vão ser finalizados a tempo do início dos jogos? Para a FIFA que embolsa milhões de dólares com os direitos de transmissão e publicidade durante os jogos? Para a Rede Globo que vai ser a única emissora de TV a transmitir os jogos da Copa? Para os clubes de futebol que herdarão os estádios utilizados para a Copa do Mundo? Para as imobiliárias que venderão os imóveis construídos em áreas que foram valorizadas por estarem próximo aos estádios ou sofreram obras de melhoria – isso depois que os antigos moradores foram expulsos desses locais por conta da especulação imobiliária? Com certeza.

Mas a desculpa é que a Copa do Mundo vai trazer turistas que vão gastar rios de dinheiro no país. Sim, mas vão gastar com hotéis, restaurantes e serviços, cujos proprietários já tem dinheiro. Além disso, daqui a um mês todos os turistas vão embora e o faturamento desses setores voltará ao normal. Um mês de lucro para um ou outro setor da economia de um país justifica tamanho gasto com a realização de um evento como uma Copa do Mundo?

Sim, se existe corrupção como a que existe no Brasil. Se não fosse uma vantagem para esses políticos corruptos, não haveria Copa do Mundo no Brasil. Se tem, é porque algumas (poucas) pessoas estão lucrando (muito) com o evento: políticos, donos de emissoras de TV, donos de empreiteiras e grupos de empresários que controlam os principais produtos e serviços oferecidos no país.

Pense bem: por que o Brasil foi escolhido para sediar a Copa do Mundo mesmo com todas as dificuldades e carências do país para realizar eventos desse porte? Por que a FIFA é boazinha e queria dar a Copa do Mundo para o Brasil? NÃO. Porque nenhum país civilizado e desenvolvido do mundo se interessou em sediar a Copa do Mundo porque eles sabem por conta de experiências passadas que sediar grandes eventos esportivos como esse só provoca caos e prejuízos. Além disso, os outros países também interessados ofereciam condições piores do que o Brasil.

E as melhorias nas cidades que vão sediar os jogos?
Que melhorias? Expulsar as pessoas de suas casas para construir lojas e estacionamentos e depois vender tudo para a especulação imobiliária? Mandar polícia e exército ocupar áreas estratégicas dessas cidades com a desculpa de garantir a segurança dos turistas quando na verdade a função desses agentes é aterrorizar a população para que não realizem protestos violentos contra as mentiras dos governos e a realização da Copa do Mundo como os de junho e julho do ano passado? Todas as cidades que vão sediar jogos da Copa estão sendo abaladas por greves, protestos, aumento da violência e não receberam nenhum investimento em saúde, educação e transporte público.

Copa para quem?
Para o negro pobre da favela que vai ver sua seleção jogar pela televisão ou para o branco rico que pode pagar um ingresso caríssimo para assistir os jogos da Copa dentro dos estádios? Um desafio caso você for assistir os jogos pela TV: tente achar um negro nas arquibancadas dos estádios. Para o vendedor ambulante que vai vender picolé e água (porque a venda de bebida alcoólica é proibida no entorno dos estádios) e pode até ter duas semanas de lucro, mas e depois que a Copa acabar? Para o cidadão que vai ter sua rotina drasticamente alterada com ruas interditadas, dezenas de obras inacabadas e serviços superfaturados por conta do aumento da demanda por esses produtos e serviços?

Copa do Mundo? Se isso fosse bom para alguém, todos os países do mundo iriam querer realizar uma.

ReturnOfTheJedi

To celebrate the 31th anniversary of Episode VI and to finish my Star Wars weekend on All That I Love (because I’m going to my annual review of the original trilogy right now), here are 31 facts about Return of the Jedi that you don’t needed to know. Have a nice week. May the Force be with you!

1. Most Star Wars fans know that the movie was filmed under the title Blue Harvest: Horror Beyond Imagination to avoid publicity, but it’s less-known that the bogus title was a play on Dashiell Hammet’s 1929 novel Red Harvest, which was said to be an influence for Akira Kurosawa’s Yojimbo, which was cited as an influence for Star Wars. See how it all comes together?

2. Jabba’s sail barge was filmed in Yuma, Arizona. The film crew had problems avoiding the 35,000 dune buggy enthusiasts in the area. To preserve secrecy, the producers claimed to be making a horror film called “Blue Harvest” with the tagline “Horror beyond imagination”, and even had caps and t-shirts made up for the crew. A chain-link fence and a 24-hour security service could not prevent die-hard fans from entering the set and sneaking some photographs.

jabba-shipThe Jabba’s Sail Barge set on location in Yuma, AZ.

3. Despite the credits, Richard Marquand may not have directed all of the movie; George Lucas directed some footage, and Empire Strikes Back director Irvin Kershner once hinted that Marquand’s assistant directed footage credited to Marquand, due to Marquand’s poor relationship with the actors.

4. Speaking of connections to classic movies, Emperor Palpatine, making his first appearance in the flesh — he was just bits and bytes in that hologram in Empire, and was portrayed by a different actor — was at first named after a character in Taxi Driver, but his name was changed to avoid potential legal issues.

Irvin-Kershner-George-Lucas-Richard-MarquandThe directors of the original Star Wars trilogy: Irvin Kershner (The Empire Strikes Back), George Lucas (Star Wars ) and Richard Marquand (Return of the Jedi).

5. And speaking of Marquand, he wasn’t the first choice for Jedi. Or the second, or even third. Stephen Spielberg, David Cronenberg and David Lynch were ahead of him in line. Just imagine, for a second, Cronenberg or, better, Lynch making a movie with Ewoks.

6. The Ewoks occasionally speak Tagalog, although most of their dialogue is loosely inspired by Kalmuck, a language spoken in Mongolia. One of the Ewok songs once was believed to be in Swedish — with the lyrics translating, wonderfully, as “It smells of cereal in here” — but that, sadly, was based upon people mishearing the gibberish the oversized rodents were singing.

ewoks1Ewoks seize the clapperboard on May 17, 1982, during second unit work near Crescent City.

7. The word “Ewok” is never actually said in Return of The Jedi, and neither were the names of individual Ewoks, although both appear in the end credits.

8. “Ewok” is derived from the Native American tribe the Miwok, indigenous to the Northern California redwood forests in which the Endor scenes were shot.

carrie-fisher-warwick-davisCarrie Fisher with a very young Warwick Davis who played Ewok Wicket Wystri Warrick in Return of the Jedi. Davis was 11-years-old.

9. “Endor” comes from the Bible and is a village visited by King Saul before his final battle with the Philistines. Oddly enough, it also makes an appearance in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of The Rings, as the Elvish name for Middle-Earth.

10. Ewoks were a late addition to the Star Wars mythology. Their part in the story was to be played by the Wookiees, but by the time Lucas and partners sat down to write Return of The Jedi, they realized that, because Chewbacca could fly the Millennium Falcon, repair the ship and operate pretty much any weapon or machine in the known universe, they’d made the Wookiees too technologically advanced for the plot.

11. In what is either amazing planning or, more likely, complete coincidence, the one word C-3PO says to the Ewoks is “Naboo,” which was later revealed in The Phantom Menace to be the home world of Luke and Leia’s mother — and Anakin Skywalker’s wife — Queen Amidala.

12. The lyrics to the song the Ewoks perform at the end of the movie — the words everyone heard as “yub nub” — were written by none other than Joseph Williams, son of Star Wars composer John and lead singer with Toto. Someone, somewhere: Please make a mash-up of this song and Toto’s “Africa” as soon as possible.

ian-mcdiarmidIan McDiarmid in his complete Emperor’s makeup, which covered only the front two-thirds of his head. The cowl always covered the back of his head.

13. Both lightsabers used in the movie were re-purposed props from earlier movies. Darth Vader’s lightsaber was a Luke Skywalker saber from The Empire Strikes Back because all of Vader’s had mysteriously disappeared between movies. Luke’s new saber was originally one of Obi-Wan Kenobi’s from the original Star Wars movie.

14. Yoda was to sit this one out, but he was added after consultation with child psychologists made George Lucas decide he needed an independent character to confirm Darth Vader’s claim that he is Luke Skywalker’s father. Now you know why Yoda doesn’t do much for the rest of the movie.

15. In the radio adaptation of the movie, broadcast on NPR in 1996, Yoda was played by John Lithgow. Just think about that for a minute.

phil-tippett-stewart-freebornPhil Tippett and Stewart Freeborn pose before their joint collaboration: a menagerie of wonderful monsters.

16. The reasoning behind the switch from the title Revenge of The Jedi to Return of The Jedi is murky, with various motivations given by various people at various times. One story has it that the switch returned the movie to its original title after Lucas temporarily changed it when Kasdan complained “Return” was “too weak.” Another has it that the change was made to differentiate the movie from the second Star Trek movie, which filmed under the title The Vengeance of Khan (Vengeance later became Wrath because of Revenge of The Jedi, according to those involved with the Star Trek production). The third story, which is my favorite, says Revenge was never the movie’s title at all, but Lucas announced that it was purely to mess with those making counterfeit merchandise.

17. The only cast member to shoot new material for the 1997 re-release was Femi Taylor. Whattya mean you don’t recognize the name? And you call yourself a fan? She played Oola, the slave girl fed to the Rancor in Jabba’s palace. According to rumors, she was recommended to Lucasfilm and ILM for reshoots because she was in better shape than she had been 15 years earlier; her scenes in the Special Edition are a mix of new and original footage.

carrie-fisher-mark-hamillCarrie Fisher and Mark Hamill on location in California’s Buttercup Valley aboard Jabba’s barge, April 1982.

18. Carrie Fisher complained about her costumes in the previous two movies. She said they were so long, you could not tell “she was a woman”. Those complaints led to the skimpy outfit she wore as Jabba’s prisoner. The costume became something of a running joke among the crew, because the metal framework that held the top together meant that the costume didn’t move well with her. Since Fisher didn’t like the industry standard solution of using double-sided tape, it became necessary before each take to have a wardrobe person check to ensure that her breasts were still snug inside the costume top (and several scenes had to be re-shot when “wardrobe malfunctions” occurred).

19. Adding to the Star Wars movies’ accidental misogyny, the few women flying spacecraft for the Rebellion were edited out of Return for unknown reasons. Surely women are no less capable of bulls-eying womp rats in a T-16…

20. However, Return of The Jedi does hold the dubious honor of being the first Star Wars movie to feature more than one woman who was more than a background extra. Take a bow, Mon Motha. You broke new ground in a way that is genuinely embarrassing to admit. (Seriously, Princess Leia is the only named female character in the first two Star Wars movies.)

mark-hamillMark Hamill is filmed during Luke’s moment of choice: Will he commit patricide or become a true Jedi and show compassion for his father?

21. The voice of Boushh, Princess Leia’s bounty hunter disguise in Jabba’s Palace, is provided by Pat Welsh. Welsh’s only other voiceover work is a biggie: She was the voice of E.T. in 1982′s E.T. The Extra Terrestrial.

22. The shots of Darth Vader’s funeral pyre were shot last minute, long after the end of initial filming, and close to Lucas’ home Skywalker Ranch.

23. David Prowse, the unusually tall actor who played Darth Vader throughout the series, didn’t film any of the lightsaber battle sequences for Return of The Jedi. Instead, he was replaced by stuntman Bob Anderson. Anderson, considerably shorter than Prowse, wore platform boots. Somewhere, Gene Simmons just smiled.

ford-marquand-hamillHarrison Ford relaxes on a plank, with Richard Marquand and Mark Hamill close by.

24. “It’s a trap,” which is arguably the most famous line in the movie, was, incredibly, not in the screenplay. The line was scripted as “Its a trick!” and was later changed post-filming after a test screening because, let’s face it, “it’s a trick” just doesn’t have the same ring to it.

25. During the writing of the film, Mark Hamill speculated that the film would include Luke Skywalker’s turn to the Dark Side and eventual redemption, but it’s unclear whether this was wishful thinking on his part or a plot point that was genuinely considered.

26. An early version of the movie was to end with Luke walking off alone, leaving his friends behind in true gunfighter/Samurai fashion. That idea was dropped in favor of a happier ending, reportedly because Lucas feared a downbeat ending would throw a wrench in the printing press from which truckloads of merchandising money flowed.

27. Harrison Ford wanted Han Solo to die in the movie, sacrificing himself to save his friends. George Lucas vetoed that idea even though co-writer Lawrence Kasdan supported it. Kasdan suggested that Solo not survive being thawed, in part to make the audience believe no one was safe in the final film.

ford-lucasHarrison Ford chats with George Lucas between setups.

28. Another idea abandoned early on was having Obi-Wan Kenobi return from the dead. It did, however, make it into an early draft of the script.

29. One more abandoned idea: There were rumors that the final scenes were to mirror the ceremony of Star Wars‘ finale, but instead of Luke, Han and Chewie getting medals, we’d witness the marriage of Han and Leia. Although this never happened, their marriage became part of Star Wars canon and serves as a basis for developments in the comic book and novel spin-offs.

phil-tippettPhil Tippett manipulates the miniature Luke Skywalker on a speeder bike puppet in front of a blue screen.

30. When scenes of post-victory celebrations around the galaxy were added to the 1997 Special Edition re-release, it was less a case of George Lucas tampering and more a case of fixing something that was missing from the original version of the movie. Lucas and co-writer Lawrence Kasdan had wanted to show Coruscant celebrating the end of the Empire originally but, unable to come up with a name for the city, dropped the idea entirely. It was only after Timothy Zahn came up with the name in his Heir to The Empire novel that the Imperial Capital had a name.

31. Before the Millennium Falcon leaves for the final battle with the Death Star, Han says, “I just got a funny feeling, like I’m not gonna see her again.” This would seem to foreshadow the Falcon’s demise in battle. But it doesn’t. Researchers have looked into the matter from the first scripts of this movie, and have found that in all drafts of the script, Lando and the Falcon survive. All claims that the Falcon would not survive are urban legends, forgeries, or mistaken assumptions.

More trivias about Return of the Jedi on IMDb.

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Today, we are celebrating the Episode IV A New Hope 37th anniversary as well the 31th anniversary of Episode VI Revenge of the Jedi. Wait… What?

Two months early the released of Star Wars Episode VI: Revenge of the Jedi in theaters, George Lucas decided to change the title of the movie. He said at the time have taken this decision because a Jedi would not seek revenge, but was a marketing strategy of Lucasfilm, too, because there were a lot of piracy products of Star Wars named “Revenge of the Jedi”,  included some licensed products as the action figures from Kenner which had to remove all those toys named Revenge and change to new Return of the Jedi products…

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This is one of many facts about Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, that is turning 31 years today.

Watch the original teaser trailer for Revenge of the Jedi, which appeared in theaters before Star Wars creator George Lucas changed the name of the film to Return of the Jedi. This trailer features the completed Revenge of the Jedi logo, shows Luke wielding a blue lightsaber (in the final film, his Jedi weapon would have a green blade), and features a quick shot of Obi-Wan Kenobi before “spirit” effects were added.

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Others facts about Episode VI: Return of the Jedi:

soloHan Solo Gets Killed!

While doing press amid the 1997 rerelease of “Jedi,” the press-adverse Harrison Ford claimed he wanted his character, who was frozen at the end of “Empire Strikes Back,” to die at the end of the second “Star Wars” sequel. “I thought it would give the movie weight and resonance. But George Lucas was not sympathetic,” Ford said, and unfortunately the oft-quoted quote doesn’t let on if the actor’s tongue was planted in his cheek. There is this clue, perhaps: The sound bite ends with a jocular — too jocular? — reference to the Ewoks. Quipped Ford of Lucas: “He didn’t want me killed by those teddy-bear guys”. Then again, there’s also this: Ford hasn’t really stopped talking about how he wanted his alter-ego offed. In 2010, he told ABC News that, unfortunately, Lucas saw no future in “dead Han toys.”

lynchDavid Lynch

David Lynch (“Twin Peaks”) offered that he passed on directing “Jedi” because, as it was reported at the time, “he didn’t think he’d have any leeway”. Lynch wound up putting his imprint on another epic fantasy/sci-fi flick, albeit one that failed to reach the lofty heights of “Jedi” — 1984’s critically assailed “Dune.” Anyone else think that film’s signature monster, the sandworm, would look right at home on Tatooine?

MCDFLYY FE001David Cronenberg

In 2007, David Cronenberg (“The Fly”) told MTV News 9 that he, too, had gotten a nibble about directing. But in a (brief) phone call with one of Lucas’ producers, he recalled, “I wasn’t enthusiastic enough obviously. I didn’t get a chance to think about whether it was a good idea or not. I blew it right away”. In 2007, David Cronenberg (“The Fly”) told MTV News 9 that he, too, had gotten a nibble about directing. But in a (brief) phone call with one of Lucas’ producers, he recalled, “I wasn’t enthusiastic enough obviously. I didn’t get a chance to think about whether it was a good idea or not. I blew it right away”. Anyone else think Cronenberg’s Brundlefly would fit in with the gangsters and bounty hunters packing Jabba’s palace?

MSDREOF EC078Planet Wookiee

Per “Star Wars” lore, Endor, the planet where the sun sets on the Empire, originally was to be populated by armies of Chewbacca’s towering kind until it proved easier to populate the set with armies of much smaller creatures. According to some fan allegations, the Ewoks were an intentional cash grab — kid-friendly characters “designed purely make money.”

You can read more facts and curiosities about Return of the Jedi clicking here.

Read more: Return of the Jedi 30th anniversary.

star-wars-episode-7April 29th, Pinewood Studios, UK – Writer/Director/Producer J.J Abrams (top center right) at the cast read-through of Star Wars Episode VII at Pinewood Studios with (clockwise from right) Harrison Ford, Daisy Ridley, Carrie Fisher, Peter Mayhew, Producer Bryan Burk, Lucasfilm President and Producer Kathleen Kennedy, Domhnall Gleeson, Anthony Daniels, Mark Hamill, Andy Serkis, Oscar Isaac, John Boyega, Adam Driver and Writer Lawrence Kasdan. Copyright and Photo Credit: David James.

After months of speculation, Disney and Lucasfilm have announced on April 29 the cast for “Star Wars: Episode VII”. Carrie Fisher, Mark Hamill, and Harrison Ford will all reprise their roles as Princess Leia, Luke Skywalker, and Han Solo in the film. Joining them will be newcomer John Boyega, who will appear in FOX’s upcoming “24: Live Another Day” miniseries; Oscar Isaac (“Inside Llewyn Davis”); Adam Driver (“Girls”) and veteran actor from Bergman’s movies Max von Sydow. Boyega was among the actors rumored for the lead in the sequel. Driver is expected to play the main antagonist. His character has been described to be “in the vein of iconic Darth Vader.”

Not much is known about the film’s plot; however, it’s rumored that Harrison Ford will have quite a large role. Lucasfilm announced last week the new movies will deter from the expanded “Star Wars” universe. So, all the books, comics, and video games, cartoons, etc. released since “Star Wars: Episode VI: Return of the Jedi” that explain what happens after the film will have little to no impact on the sequels and spin-off movies going forward. “Star Wars: Episode VII” will be released Dec. 18, 2015.

Here’s the release:

The Star Wars team is thrilled to announce the cast of Star Wars: Episode VII.

Actors John Boyega, Daisy Ridley, Adam Driver, Oscar Isaac, Andy Serkis, Domhnall Gleeson, and Max von Sydow will join the original stars of the saga, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Mark Hamill, Anthony Daniels, Peter Mayhew, and Kenny Baker in the new film.

Director J.J. Abrams says, “We are so excited to finally share the cast of Star Wars: Episode VII. It is both thrilling and surreal to watch the beloved original cast and these brilliant new performers come together to bring this world to life, once again. We start shooting in a couple of weeks, and everyone is doing their best to make the fans proud.”

Star Wars: Episode VII is being directed by J.J. Abrams from a screenplay by Lawrence Kasdan and Abrams. Kathleen Kennedy, J.J. Abrams, and Bryan Burk are producing, and John Williams returns as the composer. The movie opens worldwide on December 18, 2015.

Source: http://StarWars.Com.

Star Wars Episode VII: The Ancient Fear?

Some reporting have revealed the working title for Star Wars Episode VII as The Ancient Fear. While this is yet to be officially verified, the reaction on Twitter has ranged from the underwhelmed to the cautiously optimistic, but what do you think about how Episode VII should be titled? Do you think The Ancient Fear sounds worthy of the franchise’s history, or it sounds worse than Phantom Menace?

Episode VII Day One

On May 16, filming has begun on the eagerly anticipated new Star Wars movie, which will reunite many of the original stars. Episode VII is being filmed at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire, continuing the movie series’ tradition of working in the UK, although it is the first time Abrams has filmed outside the US. The director’s production company, Bad Robot, tweeted the hashtag #dayone and a photo of the film’s clapperboard.

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